Please see the following links for help with Crate Training...

Karen Pryor - Clicker Training - To Crate or Not To Crate -

Zac George - Dog Training rEvolution - Crate& Potty Train Humanely & Effetively -

Emily Larlham - Kiko Pup -

San Fransisco SPCA - Crate Training Puppy -

San Fransisco SPCA - Crate Training Adult Dog -

Victoria Stillwell - Teacher's Pet - Crate Training -


Crate training has many benefits when used appropriately.  Crates can be constructed of wire, metal, moulded plastic or a combination of these materials. Be sure that the crate is of adequate size. Most people with puppies will opt to buy a crate that will accommodate the dog when it is full grown, but can be partitioned off to help with house training when they are young. Your dog should be able to stand up straight, turn around and stretch out in their crate.

A dog that is properly crate trained will enjoy their crate throughout their lives and will use it for refuge from a busy household.

Benefits of crate training: Puppies and dogs that are being house trained to eliminate (urinate and defecate) outside are less likely to eliminate in their crate unless left for inappropriate amounts of time or before the dog has had a chance to eliminate outside.

Dogs that suffer from separation anxiety and destructively chew or otherwise endanger themselves or damage household items during the times they cannot be directly supervised or must be left alone cannot practice these behaviours in a crate. In cases of travel or illness, crates can be a necessity.  A dog that has been trained to be comfortable with being crated is at an advantage in these situations.

For dogs involved in dog sport functions like agility and flyball, crates provide a much needed resting spot during break times. The crate’s location needs to be somewhere inside the house where your dog can feel safe and comfortable. The crate location should be in a quiet space close to family areas but just outside of heavy traffic zones.

Make it clear to all children living or visiting the house that the crate is not a “playpen” for them. You should, however, get your dog used to people reaching in and out of the crate to avoid your dog guarding his crate. While puppies (8-16 weeks) will normally adjust more quickly to crating since they are being introduced to this new world only a small portion at a time, crate training adult dogs should start in smaller steps.

If possible, have your crate purchased and set-up prior to bringing your new dog home for the first time. Secure the door open, so that it cannot accidentally shut and frighten the dog. Encourage the dog to explore the crate by placing treats or toys in the crate and rewarding the dog with praise every time they go in the crate. Feed the dog all their meals in the crate, and start closing and latching the door, working up the time until his meal is done.

Slowly increase the time they spend in the crate, perhaps during your suppertime or while going out to run errands. A crate should never be used for punishment. It is not recommended that any dog spend more than 4-6 consecutive hours at a time in a crate.

As many dogs mature or settle into family routines, regular crating may become unnecessary. If you think your dog is a good candidate for having unsupervised household access, start in with small steps. Leave your dog with limited access in the house while you do some activity close at hand but out of the dog’s sight.  Leave the dog for no more than a few minutes at a time, gradually increasing your absence to half days then full days when necessary.